Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease is the #1 reason for loss of teeth. The word periodontal means “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth. Periodontal disease can affect one tooth or many teeth. It begins when the bacteria in plaque causes the gums to become inflamed.
In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums can become swollen and red, and they may bleed. In its more serious form, called periodontitis, the gums can pull away from the tooth, bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or even fall out.
A periodontist is a dentist who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal disease, and in the placement of dental implants. Also familiar with the latest techniques for diagnosing and treating periodontal disease, and are also trained in performing cosmetic periodontal procedures. Following are some of the procedures that periodontist used to treat patients diagnosed with a periodontal (gum) disease:
- Non-Surgical Treatments
- Antimicrobial agents
- Surgical treatment